This study aimed to assess maternal perceptions of childhood obesity and associated socio-demographic factors in Bangladesh. A cross-sectional study using stratified random sampling was conducted among 585 mothers whose children aged 4 to 7 years attended preschools in a district town. Maternal perceptions were assessed using a self- or interviewer-administered questionnaire. Multinomial logistic regression was used to obtain crude and adjusted odds ratios. Fourteen percent of children were overweight or obese and approximately 30% were underweight. Only 3.1% of children were perceived as overweight/obese by their mothers. Over one-third (35%) of mothers perceived that childhood overweight/obesity could be a health problem and over two-thirds (68.6%) were not aware of any health consequences of childhood obesity. Maternal perceptions were significantly associated with maternal education, family income, and weight status of the child but were not associated with the sex of the child. We have identified knowledge gaps regarding maternal perception of childhood obesity and its contributing factors in a developing country. These findings can be used to develop and test parent-focused educational interventions for preventing childhood obesity in Bangladesh.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health (Available Online),
A major outbreak of chikungunya virus occurred in Dhaka, Bangladesh between May and September 2017. This study used data from 1,326 patients to investigate the clinical symptoms, quality of life, and economic aspects during the first two weeks of infection. The severity of the disease was similar to previously reported severe outbreaks elsewhere but joint pain prior to fever emerged as a unique symptom in the Dhaka outbreak. About 83% of the patients reported low to very low overall quality of life (QoL). Nearly 95% of the patients have mostly confined to sickbed and approximately 30% of them lost more than 10 days of productivity due to severe arthropathy. The study contributes to establishing an effective syndromic surveillance system for early detection and timely public health intervention of future chikungunya outbreaks in resource-limited countries like Bangladesh.
PLOS: Neglected Tropical Diseases (Available Online),
We provide specific recommendations for addressing autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in developing countries from the viewpoint of Bangladesh. Developing countries lack necessary healthcare facilities, skilled professionals and resources to deal with rising burden of ASD. This underscores the need for developing strategies that could work within cultural and economic barrier. We propose an innovative model for primary screening of ASD by utilizing well-established nationwide vaccination program in Bangladesh. Moreover, ICT-based intervention should be promoted to adapt best practices found elsewhere in the local context. Our recommendations would also be useful for other resource-limited countries.
Autism (Available Online),
The adolescent and young adult (AYA) age group (15–39 years) bears distinct characteristics in terms of cancer biology, long-term health and treatment-related complications and psychosocial aspects. The overall scenario of cancer including hematological malignancies (HMs) is largely unknown in Bangladesh, where a significant proportion of people (44% of total population) belong to AYA age group. This study aims to describe the patterns of HM among AYA in the context of Bangladesh.
In this comprehensive review, the aim is to depict the epidemiological aspects of thalassemias, mutation profile and current treatment and management practices in the country by sharing the experience of dealing with 1178 cases over 2009–2014 time periods in a specialized thalassemia treatment centre. We have also discussed the preventative strategies of thalassemias from the context of Bangladesh which could be effective for other developing countries.
In Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases,